The 7 Archangels

7 archangels angel of death

Book of Enoch and the Arc Angel

The earliest reference to a system of 7 archangels as a group appears to be in Enoch I (the Book of Enoch) which is not part of the Jewish Canon, where they are named as Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel, Raguel, Remiel and Saraqael. The earliest Christian mention is by Pope Saint Gregory I who lists them as Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel (or Anael), Simiel, Oriphiel and Zachariel.

In the Book of Enoch, Remiel is also defined as one of the leaders of the 200 Grigori, the fallen angels. Numerous occult classifications associate each archangel with one of the traditional seven "luminaries" — the Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn — but there is a discrepancy as to which archangel relates to which celestial body.Also, the seven archangels figure into some systems of ritual magic, each of these heavenly angels bearing a specific seal.

Archangel Names

Raphael is also introduced as one of the seven archangels in the Book of Tobias

The Eastern Orthodoxy tradition venerates Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel, Selaphiel, Jegudiel, and Barachiel.

Arch Angel Definition

Another variation lists them corresponding to the days of the week: St. Michael (Sunday), St. Gabriel (Monday), St. Raphael (Tuesday), St. Uriel (Wednesday), St. Sealtiel (Thursday), St. Jegudiel, (Friday), and St. Barachiel (Saturday).

Four important archangels also display periodic spiritual activity over the seasons: Spring is Raphael, Summer is Uriel, Autumn is Michael, and Winter is Gabriel.

In the Coptic Orthodox tradition the seven archangels are named as Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Suriel, Zadakiel, Sarathiel and Aniel.

There are 7 Archangels, but it is important to note that the Roman Catholic Church only recognizes 3 archangels: Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael.

In Anglican and Episcopal tradition, there are three or four archangels in its calendar for September 29 feast for St. Michael and All Angels (also called Michaelmas: namely Michael, Gabriel and Raphael, and often, Uriel.


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